Before going to know about different types of advertising techniques, it is must for us to know what is advertising. Since advertising is defined as a form of marketing communication used to acquire the attention of consumers. It is required to promote a product or service offered in a business.
History of advertising
The history of advertising dates back to 3000 BC, when Egyptians used papyrus to make sales messages and wall posters. Later the method of advertising changed its way from using papyrus to communicate the messages. Thomas J. Barratt, from London has been called “the father of modern advertising”. Barratt created an effective advertising campaign for the products of Pears Soap Company, which involved the use of targeted slogans, images and phrases. One of the Barratt slogans is, “Good morning, Have you used Pears soap?” which became popular during the 19th century. Barratt used different tactics to associate the Pears brand with high culture and quality. Similarly, advertising was practiced using different tactics during the early 20th century. Advertising increased dramatically in the United States due to industrialization that expanded the supply of manufactured products. Industries recruited workers as consumers of factory products in order to profit from this higher rate of production. It did so through the invention of mass marketing designed to influence the population’s economic behaviour on a larger scale. Advertisers in the United States of America have adopted the doctrine that human instincts could be targeted and harnessed into the desire to purchase commodities. Edward Bernays, a nephew of Sigmund Freud, is often considered as the founder of modern advertising as he associated with such type of advertising method during 1910′s and 1920′s. Later the psychologists Walter D. Scott and John B. Watson contributed applied psychological theory to the field of advertising after Bernays. The first radio stations were established by radio equipment manufacturers and retailers who offered programs in order to sell more radios to consumers during 1920′s. After that advertising techniques changed to use Television technology, the Internet and mobile technology. We can observe advertising has always required a medium to communicate the message irrespective purpose.
Types of advertising
There are different types of advertising methods and techniques. It is good to remember that advertising is widely used for commercial use than for social cause since its origin. As advertising requires a medium or media, commercial advertising media include wall paintings, billboards, street furniture components, printed flyers and rack cards, radio, cinema and television adverts, web banners, mobile telephone screens, shopping carts, web popups, skywriting, bus stop benches, human billboards and forehead advertising, magazines, newspapers, town criers, sides of buses, banners attached to or sides of airplanes (“logojets”), in-flight advertisements on seatback tray tables or overhead storage bins, taxicab doors, roof mounts and passenger screens, musical stage shows, subway platforms and trains, elastic bands on disposable diapers, doors of bathroom stalls, stickers on apples in supermarkets, shopping cart handles (grabertising), the opening section of streaming audio and video, posters, and the backs of event tickets and supermarket receipts. Different techniques involved in advertising include Television advertising / Music in advertising, Infomercials, Radio advertising, online advertising, Domain name advertising, new media. Similarly, different techniques used in advertising commercial products include covert advertising, Press advertising, Billboard advertising, Mobile billboard advertising, In-store advertising, Coffee cup advertising, Street advertising, Sheltered outdoor advertising, Celebrity branding, customer-generated advertising and Aerial advertising.